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Fishing Tips

AS FALL FISHING BEGINS, DON’T OVERLOOK SMALL SWIM BAITS

Posted 9/10/2010

Tournament Pro Bobby Lane has been a fan of swim baits ever since the day four years ago when a friend showed him how to fish the plastic wobbling, fish-like lures in the lake behind Lane's home. When his friend hooked the largest bass Lane had ever seen in the lake, the Yamaha Pro was hooked, too.

"They're amazing lures, they're easy to use, and autumn is a perfect time to fish them," explains Lane, who admits he now nearly always has two or three tied on and ready to use no matter where he's fishing. The 11 pound, 3 ounce largemouth he caught with a swim bait on California's Clear Lake this past March was the heaviest bass weighed in during the entire 2010 Bassmaster® Elite season.

"Right now, a lot of bass are beginning to move from summer habitat to shallower structure and cover as baitfish begin their annual migration into the backs of creeks and coves," he continues. "During this transition, I like to start fishing a small swim bait over points and humps because the lure mimics the forage so well.

"At the same time, swim baits seem to attract slightly larger bass to bite, which is why I prefer to use them instead of a plastic worm or an imitation crawfish. Even though the bass are feeding actively, they're only feeding once or twice a day, which may be another reason they prefer these slightly larger lures."

If the Yamaha Pro sees baitfish activity on the surface, he normally uses a swim bait between three and six inches in length. If he's using a simple, hollow body lure with a turned-down, boot-type tail like those offered by many manufacturers, he rigs with a 3/0 to 5/0 hook and a light weight. If he's fishing a lake where bigger bass are more common, he'll use a larger, pre-rigged swim bait.

"There are dozens of swim baits on the market today," explains Lane, "but many of them are very similar in design, so choosing one can be just a matter of preference. I believe bass hit them primarily because of their slow, wobbling action.

"When I'm fishing underwater structures like a submerged hump or a sloping point in less than 10 feet of water, I usually like the swim bait to make contact with the bottom. I'll use a heavier lure and let it sink, then just start a slow retrieve that touches the bottom every few feet.

"If baitfish are closer to the surface, I'll fish a lighter swim bait and reel it a little faster."

Lane believes swim baits are most effective when fished with a steady retrieve, because that's how baitfish normally swim. They don't stop and start, dart to one side, or hop up and down, the types of retrieves often used with other lures. Swim baits, by contrast, are designed to bring feeding strikes more than reaction strikes.

"All you normally want to do is make a long cast and just let the lure appear completely natural as it swims along," says the Yamaha Pro. "I like to use either a medium-heavy or heavy action rod with 20-pound fluorocarbon line so I can make long casts and cover a lot of water, and overall my favorite retrieve is one that keeps the lure just a foot or two below the surface.

"The swimming-type tail common to all these types of lures creates plenty of action, even at a slow speed, so you can really attract bass from a long distance. I think a lot of bass follow these lures, too, because I get a lot of strikes close to the boat."

In tournament competition, Lane frequently uses swim bait to upgrade the quality of his catch after he locates them with other lures. He also uses a swim bait to explore and expand a fishing area where he's already caught several fish.

In the four years he's been seriously fishing and studying swim baits, Lane has learned to match his lure color as closely as possible with the color of the available forage. That's easier than it sounds, he says, because on lakes throughout the country the primary forage species are shad (silver) and bluegill bream (silver/blueish-black). If he's fishing dingy water, he'll also try chartreuse.

"All I can say," the Yamaha angler concludes, "is that every bass angler owes it to himself to at least try these types of lures on his favorite lake, especially now as bass begin moving to shallow water. Swim baits are not difficult to use, and once you gain confidence in them, I'm positive you'll be just like me and have several tied on your rods every time you go fishing."